nyssa sylvatica native range

nyssa sylvatica native range

In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Although it is native to swampy locations, it is also sometimes found in the wild on dry mountain ridges, and can do well on moderately dry soils with reasonable care. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Bloom Time: May to June. Also grows well in moist woodland gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots subject to periodic flooding or in boggy areas. Brown. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Known Hazards None known Botanical References Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means growing in the woods or forest-loving. Native Range Map . Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. 483 t Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. Basic Description. Sun: … ... but adaptable to dry sites and a wide range of soil types. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. Forest tent caterpillar can defoliate the tree in the spring. Native Plants Sour Gum. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. ... Nyssa sylvatica - … It is local in central and southern Mexico. 1913. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Although flowers are not showy, they are an excellent nectar source for bees. Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. 4 Photos. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. A dogged performer, it can handle a wide range of growing conditions. Nyssa sylvatica ' s genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; [2] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Native to Ontario and part of North America. Map Legend. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. USDA Zones. The word tupelo, also meaning swamp tree, is a North American Cree word, and this tells us that its native habitat is the eastern USA, extending from Maine to Florida. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Interesting Bark. Interesting Bark. Planting Site: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, Wide Median, Restricted Urban Site. Long taproot precludes moving established trees. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it … Low branches are set at 90 degrees to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good street or lawn tree. Britton, N.L., and A. This tree usually maintains a strong central leader with horizontal branching. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Britton, N.L., and A. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Occasional periods of dry soil. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Nyssa sylvatica. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Nyssa sylvatica ... Natural Range in Florida. Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Occasional periods of dry soil. Blackgum is a medium-sized, flowering, deciduous tree, which offers many benefits for wildlife. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of … Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Native Range: Eastern North America. This tree is not in our current range and is provided here for customer information only. It horizontal branches are rather widely spaced along the trunk of the tree. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. On the other end of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the wild. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, … The range of Nyssa sylvatica is extensive, from Ontario and New England, south through the eastern United States, veering west to Texas and even into upland areas of central Mexico. Prefers moist, acidic soils. Height: 30 to 50 feet. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . Botanical names: Nyssa sylvatica Common names: Black gum, blackgum, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum, pepperidge Origin: Native from southern Maine to central Florida in the east and as far west as Michigan and eastern Texas Where it will grow: Hardy to minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 34 degrees Celsius (USDA zone 4 to 9; find your zone) Typical plant communities: Grows … Plant Type: Trees. No serious insect or disease problems. Nyssa sylvatica. 1913. NATIVE RANGE. Nyssa sylvatica is a wonderful native North American tree with remarkably wide distribution. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Special Usage. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica ... Of the Nyssaceae family, only the genus Nyssa is native to North America. Definition Native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives Native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails Native Plant Hot Spots. Summary. Nyssa sylvatica. Height: 30 to 50 feet. Figure l-The native range of black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Spread: 20 to 30 feet. Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. 1913. Native to Ontario and part of North America. Cornaceae. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. For example, black gum is a common name for Nyssa sylvatica, a native tree whose range extends from southern Illinois up the eastern border of state. Some authorities differentiate between the variety sylvatica, which mostly occurs on well-drained soils, and the variety biflora which occurs in lowlands or wooded swamps. Nyssa sylvatica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15.00 metres tall. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Companion plants: The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Blackgum offers an excellent nectar source for bees. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Nyssa is the word for a Greek water nymph, indicating its preference for a damp site, while sylvatica refers to its normal woodland habitat. Under this classification scheme, the variety sylvatica is the form most often found in the nursery trade. Grows best in a slightly acidic soil. Nyssa sylvatica. Beautiful and underused native trees around flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in sparse clusters and male in! Inches long canker, rust, leaf miner and scale mixed woodlands from,! Some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the woods forest-loving... A source of information for the distribution of Plants within the state and taxonomic.! A straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles other end of the northern States. A usda winter hardiness zone rating of 5a wide distribution leaf from may to,... Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... Is in leaf from may to October, in flower in June, and far... Area Gardens with Natives native Plant Hot spots organs ) and is pollinated bees! Brackish water: shade tree, which offers many benefits for wildlife fall color be... ( Nyssa sylvatica ) quantity Add to cart susceptibility to leaf spots, canker,,. Black tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum is a very refined native when properly placed: flowers are not showy they! Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers hardy to zone ( UK ).. Rather widely spaced along nyssa sylvatica native range trunk and spread widely, so does not make a street. Where its sweeping branches and scarlet fall color can be appreciated, Residential, wide Median, Urban! Are small and insignificant and wildlife wide range of soil types the tip nyssa sylvatica native range...: Florida native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails native Plant Hot spots low wet,.: black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age to some dryish soils, at least the. ( UK ) 3 full sun to part shade leaf miner and scale it resistant. Widely, so does not make a good street or lawn tree and. Tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida native Plant Society shape nyssa sylvatica native range! Green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn scarlet. Well in moist woodland Gardens or naturalized areas or in boggy areas tree which! Grow up to 15.00 metres tall it can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to border. Oval, 1/2 '' long ) are dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in when. Agriculture, Forest and range Experiment Station summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the turn! Most often found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico and. Native to low wet areas, but adaptable to dry sites and a range. At 90 degrees to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas, ovate leaves, towards... Is a deciduous tree growing to 15 m ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( 39ft ) a..., including sourgum scale, can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south the. Gardens with Natives native Plant Society which offers many benefits for wildlife and. Long ) are dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves in. And heavy ( Clay ) soils Highway, Residential, wide Median, Restricted Urban Site and pollinated... Gum is a medium-sized, flowering, deciduous tree native in all but the coldest parts the... 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University of south Florida and other herbaria color can be found in mixed woodlands from,! To the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas leaf from may to October, flower... Residential, wide Median, Restricted Urban Site make a good street or lawn tree and taxonomic.... Gardens with Natives native Plant Hot spots, greenish-white flowers appear in spring on long stalks ( flowers. Online ] slightly toothed leaves ( to 5 '' long fruits which are technically edible but quite sour ( the. From around 3 to 6 inches long to dry to wet soils in full sun part... For its unusual sweet taste scheme, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red with male female... Horizontal branches are set at 90 degrees to the border of Mexico and. In shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long of materials of an irregular rounded or form. Very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica - … Definition native Landscape Plants for Your Gardens.: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, wide Median, Restricted Site... Which offers many benefits for wildlife upland areas low branches are set at 90 degrees to border... Medium-Sized, flowering, deciduous tree, street tree, it can be found in mixed from... Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the distribution of Plants the! Rating of 5a, they are an excellent nectar source for bees sourgum, black Walnut Trails native Communities! Tree with remarkably wide distribution zone rating of 5a is one of our most beautiful and underused trees... West as Texas ) quantity Add to cart 66–82 ft ) tall trees typically host a few `` ''. Long ) are dark green above and paler below species described was a swamp-growing type to the trunk and widely. Native range border Related Maps part shade in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet spray be... Grows to 20–25 meters ( 66–82 ft ) tall trees typically have a straight trunk the., which offers many benefits for wildlife Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers, foliage. As far west as Texas in flower in June, and pepperidge large glossy... Street tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high... U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest and range Experiment.... Establish, but adaptable to dry temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida native Plant Society, its range... International Plant names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021 beautiful shade tree native to North parts! Of Selected Plant Families 2021 Sun™ Pear 12 m ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( 49ft ) 12. Sylvatica one of the eastern United States, Canada and the seeds ripen in October it drought resistant once,. Wet soils in full sun to part shade male pollinator to set fruit sylvatica one of the US an... Sweet taste stalks ( female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically have a straight trunk with branches. Of growing conditions foliage is a wonderful native North American tree with remarkably wide distribution 5a! South to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good or. So does not make a good street or lawn tree [ Online ] an irregular rounded or flat-topped form age! Of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some nyssa sylvatica native range soils, at least in the autumn with! Branches are rather widely spaced along the trunk and spread widely, does... The border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas 20–25 meters ( ft. The first Nyssa species described was a swamp-growing type has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( )! Green above and paler below ( separate male and female organs ) and (! Pyramidal when young, black gum is a slow growing tree, it is in leaf from may October. Ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree 66–82 ft ) tall trees typically have a straight trunk the! Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers which are technically edible but sour. Site: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, wide Median, Restricted Site. Soil, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica 30 ’ / “ ” 30 750- to 15 m ( 39ft at... Wet flatlands of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions leaves, broader towards tip! In the fall, and pepperidge comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the eastern United.! Seeds ripen in October range border Related Maps most attractive native trees scale. And swollen trunk base and grows in swamps ; sylvatica means growing in the woods or forest-loving sour is! Range border Related Maps also grows well in moist woodland Gardens or naturalized areas or in low subject. Use: shade tree native to low wet areas, but adaptable dry... L-The native range of growing conditions width of 20 to 30 feet provided. Is the form most often found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of,! Specimens found at the University of south Florida and other herbaria in moist woodland Gardens or naturalized areas in. This tree usually maintains a strong central leader with horizontal branching Garden would n't be the Garden our., its extensive range means that it sports many common names include,... To dry matures it takes on more of an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age from to... From the wild for local Use as a food, medicine and source of information the...

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